Britain's railways were nationalised in 1948, forming British Railways (shortened to British Rail in the mid-1960s). In 1889 the County of London was created and took over responsibility for local administration of parts of north-west Kent. The county's largest theatre is the Marlowe Theatre in the centre of Canterbury. This termination âing corresponds to the âson in family names such as Robertson, i.e., the descendants of Robert, or to the Fitz in FitzGerald, i.e., the descendants of Gerald. At the 2011 census, Kent, including Medway, had 1,727,665 residents (18.0% of which in Medway); had 711,847 households (17.5% of which in Medway) and had 743,436 dwellings (14.8% of which in Medway). It borders Greater London to the north-west, Surrey to the west and East Sussex to the south-west. The 18th century was dominated by wars with France, during which the Medway became the primary base for a fleet that could act along the Dutch and French coasts. Kent's geographical location between the Straits of Dover and London has influenced its architecture, as has its Cretaceous geology and its good farming land and fine building clays. 17 seats were won by the United Kingdom Independence Party, 13 by the Labour Party, 7 by the Liberal Democrats, 1 by the Green Party and 1 by the Swanscombe and Greenhithe Residents Association. Kent is a county in South East England and one of the home counties.It borders Greater London to the north-west, Surrey to the west and East Sussex to the south-west. Names of places on the Roman roads sometimes, too, include the word straet, “streetâ or “road,â in its forms strat, straet, etc., as in the case of Stratford and Streatham. In Latin sources the area is called Cantia or Canticum, while the Anglo-Saxons referred to it as Cent, Cent lond or Centrice. The landscape painter J. M. W. Turner spent part of his childhood in the town of Margate in East Kent, and regularly returned to visit it throughout his life. Cricket has traditionally been a popular sport in the county and Kent is considered one of the locations in which the game first developed. Thus shaw, holt and hot, as in the case of Birkenshaw, Shaw, Holt, and Aldershot, represent Anglo-Saxon words meaning a wood or thicket; and hurst, as in Chislehurst, means a clearing in a wood or sylvan glade. There was no open-field system, and the large tracts were owned by the two great abbeys, Christ Church, Canterbury and St Augustine's Abbey, that did not pass into the hands of the king during the Reformation. By far Britain’s largest metropolis, it is also the country’s economic, transportation, and cultural center. ", "The River Medway: The river of Kent or Kentish river? These are the results of erosion of the Wealden dome, a dome across Kent and Sussex created by alpine movements 20â10 million years ago. Hel, goddess of the underworld, is still remembered in Hellifield and other place-names in Yorkshire. The club is based at the St Lawrence Ground in Canterbury and also plays matches at the Nevill Ground in Royal Tunbridge Wells and the County Cricket Ground, Beckenham. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. In the early 19th century, smugglers were very active on the Kent coastline. Learn more about London. In northwest Kent, industries include extraction of aggregate building materials, printing and scientific research.  Music festivals that take place in Kent include Chilled in a Field Festival, Electric Gardens, Hop Farm Festival, In the Woods Festival, Lounge On The Farm and the annual (not 2020) Smugglers Festival near Deal.  In 1998 Rochester, Chatham, Gillingham and Rainham left the administrative county of Kent to form the Unitary Authority of Medway. But it's not about naturism, it's about shagging. Until about 960, the Isle of Thanet was an island, separated by the Wantsum channel, formed around a deposit of chalk; over time, the channels silted up with alluvium. When the theatre of operation moved to the Atlantic, this role was assumed by Portsmouth and Plymouth, with Chatham concentrating on shipbuilding and ship repair. The M26 motorway, built-in 1980, provides a short link between the M25 at Sevenoaks and the M20 near Wrotham.  The river is tidal as far as Allington lock, but in earlier times, cargo-carrying vessels reached as far upstream as Tonbridge. Plans for another unitary authority in north-west Kent were dropped, but in 2016 consultations began between five Kent local authorities (Canterbury, Thanet, Dover, Folkestone & Hythe, and Ashford) with a view to forming a new unitary authority for East Kent, outside the auspices of Kent County Council. These roads are now approximately the A2, B2068, A257, and the A28. The Medway megaliths were built during the Neolithic era. Radio Faversham (Faversham): online only. Much of Kent is served by the BBC's South East region, which is based in Tunbridge Wells and provides local news for the county and East Sussex. Other venues for live music include Leas Cliff Hall in Folkestone and the Assembly Hall in Tunbridge Wells. Awarded a community licence by Ofcom in late 2019 and due to launch in the next few years. Although many were destroyed by aircraft, anti-aircraft guns and barrage balloons, both London and Kent were hit by around 2,500 of these bombs. At this time, before the invention of photography, draughtsmen were used to draw maps and topographical representations of the fields of battle, and after the wars ended many of these settled permanently in the county in which they had been based. Another word for name. In pre-industrial times, almost every village and town had its own windmill or watermill, with over 400 windmills known to have stood at some time. Charter flights are provided by Lydd Airport at Lydd. This is higher than the whole of England for construction and transport/communications and lower for manufacturing. The major geographical features of the county are based on a series of ridges and valleys running eastâwest across the county. Dover Community Radio (DCR) Dover: currently online only; in May 2020 this was a granted a community radio licence and will start broadcasting in the next few years. All the major rivers in the county were used to power watermills. Kent's two canals are the Royal Military Canal between Hythe and Rye, which still exists, and the Thames and Medway Canal between Strood and Gravesend. Two 18th century mills were on the River Len and at Tovil on the River Loose. Those parts of Kent closest to London such as Swanley, Westerham, Dartford, Gravesend, and Sevenoaks lie within the ITV London and BBC London areas, taking their television signals from the Crystal Palace transmitter. See more. Kent County Council's headquarters are in Maidstone, while Medway's offices are at Gun Wharf, Chatham. The A2 runs through Dartford (A207), Gravesend, Rochester, Canterbury, and Dover; the A20 through Eltham, Wrotham, Maidstone, Charing, Ashford. The ready supply of chalk and huge pits between Stone and Gravesend bear testament to that industry. Sometimes when an Anglo-Saxon house was built in or near the ruins of some Roman or British stone structure, or beside a stone-paved Roman road, the word stan was used, meaning “stoneâ; and this comes down to us in such forms as stan, stam, stain, or stone. Kent has four universities: Canterbury Christ Church University with campuses throughout East Kent; University of Kent, with campuses in Canterbury and Medway; University of Greenwich (a London University), with sites at Woolwich, Eltham, London and Medway; the University for the Creative Arts (UCA) also has three of its five campuses in the county. Seismic activity has occasionally been recorded in Kent, though the epicentres were offshore. When the Anglo-Saxon invaders began widely to settle in Britain in the Fifth to Seventh Centuries they generally displayed that same tendency towards domestic exclusiveness, privacy, and independence which has remained a national characteristic ever since, and which is now exemplified in the saying that an Englishman`s home is his castle.  The easterly section of the Wealden dome has been eroded away by the sea, and cliffs such as the White Cliffs of Dover are present where a chalk ridge known as the North Downs meets the coast. Summary: Rebecca Sawyer is 47 years old and was born on 12/25/1973. In the council elections of May 2015 the United Kingdom Independence Party (UKIP) took control of the Council[which? Almost all these changes took place between 1st January 1936 and 1st July 1939 but a few were made at other times during 1929-45 The symbol # indicates that the old name has been abolished and the street incorporated into an existing place name. The termination âham is also of extremely frequent occurance (Clapham, Balham, etc. Located between London and the Strait of Dover, which separates England from mainland Europe, Kent has been the setting for both conflict and diplomacy, including the Battle of Britain in World War II and the Leeds Castle peace talks of 1978 and 2004. The most common termination in Anglo-Saxon place-names is the old tun, the modern ton, as in Sutton, Bolton and so forth; and this word tun does not mean “townâ but simply a hedged or fenced dwelling. Place Code Country Admin1 Admin2 Admin3; 1: Ealing: W5: United Kingdom: England: Greater London 51.512/-0.302: 2: Kensington: W8: United Kingdom: England: Greater London It closed in 2014.. ", "Quake causes Kent Families to flee Homes", "Kent hit by 4.2 earthquake, shaking houses and waking residents", "Massive oil reserves lie under commuter belt in South, says report", "Kent (Borough of Gillingham and City of Rochester upon Medway) (Structural Change) Order 1996", "Democratically elected representatives in Medway", "Rosie Duffield wins Canterbury for Labour for first time", https://www.kentonline.co.uk/kent/news/border-to-be-set-up-inside-kent-could-see-7-000-lorry-queues-234290/, "Brexit: Lorry drivers will need a permit to enter Kent after transition period", "Marlowe theatre: curtain rises on Canterbury's Â£25.6m revamp", "History of the South Eastern & Chatham Railway", "Call for end to selective education as 'grammar school areas' fail", We ended up with a lake â Kent CEO Jamie Clifford, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Kent&oldid=1002147843, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with disputed statements from April 2017, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from March 2015, Articles needing additional references from February 2016, All articles needing additional references, Articles prone to spam from February 2013, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, ÐÐµÐ»Ð°ÑÑÑÐºÐ°Ñ (ÑÐ°ÑÐ°ÑÐºÐµÐ²ÑÑÐ°)â, Srpskohrvatski / ÑÑÐ¿ÑÐºÐ¾Ñ ÑÐ²Ð°ÑÑÐºÐ¸, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. For almost nine centuries a small part of present-day East London (the North Woolwich, London E16 area), formed part of Kent. Thunor, the Thunder-god, has left his name at Thundersfield in Surrey and Thundersleigh in Essex; and the name of Thor is to be seen in Thurleigh in Bedfordshire, Thursford in Norfolk, and Kirby Thore in Westmorland. Twenty-eight survive within the county today, plus two replica mills and a further two in that part of Kent now absorbed into London. This is illustrated by the following table of economic indicator gross value added (GVA) between 1995 and 2000[out of date] (figures are in Â£ millions). Gravesend RFC and Tonbridge Juddians both play in the fifth-tier National League 3 London & SE.  This and the London and Greenwich Railway later merged into South Eastern Railway (SER). This is found in East Kent roughly between Deal, Canterbury, and Dover. By 1618, storehouses, a ropewalk, a drydock, and houses for officials had been built downstream from Chatham. Farm Names: 600+ Best, Catchy and Funny Farm Names January 8, 2021 September 16, 2020 by Editor The naming of the farm is an important part of establishing a new farm.  It was centred in the Sandwich area of east Kent at about ten miles below the surface. The eth in Lambeth means a haven, and we have it also in its form hithe or hythe, as in Rotherhithe and Hythe.  The second designated English cathedral was in Kent at Rochester Cathedral. The East Kent coast inspired many of his works, including some of his most famous seascapes. Some of the place-names ending in well are of the Anglo-Saxon period, derived from wella, a “wellâ; but the use of the word burn or bourne, meaning “a stream,â is not usually as early.  A further quake on 22 May 2015 measured 4.2 on the Richter Scale.  These two dioceses ensured that every village had a parish church. , North Kent is heavily industrialised with cement-making at Northfleet and Cuxton, brickmaking at Sittingbourne, shipbuilding on the Medway and Swale, engineering and aircraft design and construction at Rochester, chemicals at Dartford and papermaking at Swanley, and oil refining at Grain. As an indication of the area's military importance, the first Ordnance Survey map ever drawn was a one-inch map of Kent, published in 1801. The LondonâDover road was Watling Street.  Kent has also been the home to artists including Frank Auerbach, Tracey Emin and Stass Paraskos. In motorsport, the Brands Hatch circuit near Swanley has played host to a number of national and international racing events and hosted 12 runnings of the British Grand Prix in various years between 1964 and 1986.  The extreme west of the modern county was by the time of Roman Britain occupied by an Iron Age tribe known as the Regnenses. Twenty-eight per cent of the county forms part of two Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty: the North Downs and The High Weald. Together, the two Kent authorities have 38 of the 164 grammar schools remaining in Britain.. There are nine Anglo-Saxon churches in Kent.  Many of the Georgian naval buildings still stand. SER's major London termini were London Bridge, Charing Cross, and Cannon Street. There is a rich sequence of Bronze Age, Iron Age, and Roman era occupation, as indicated by finds and features such as the Ringlemere gold cup and the Roman villas of the Darent valley. The continued resistance of the Kentish people against the Normans led to Kent's designation as a semi-autonomous county palatine in 1067. Between June 1944 and March 1945 more than 10,000 V1 flying bombs, or "Doodlebugs", were fired towards London from bases in Northern France. Caesar wrote that the people of Kent were 'by far the most civilised inhabitants of Britain'. 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