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west bengal religion

The Shiva temples of rural Bengal has significantly impacted on the architectural style of Kalighat Temple, one of the oldest Hindu temples of India. This temple is also known as Vibhasha Shakti Peeth or Bhimakali Temple. Percentage of Hindus in West Bengal by decades[5], West Bengal future Hindu population as using a third degree polynomial, with the square error minimised.[8]. This can be attributed to the popularity of bhakti cults which taught people to view gods as close to themselves. But however men and women have upgraded themselves much more. Bengali Hindus in West Bengal observe a number of festivals, hence the Bengali proverb Baro Mase Tero Parbon (Bengali: বারো মাসে তেরো পার্বণ, "thirteen festivals in twelve months").Birth Anniversary of Rabindranath Tagore which is celebrated as one of the major festivals of the state, Rathyatra and Janmashtami before the commencement of the autumnal festival season which starts with Vishwakarma Puja on the last day of Bengali month of Bhadra. Bargabhima temple was built nearly 1150 years ago by a Maharaja of the Mayor dynasty. Noted West Bengali Hindu industrialists include: "আজ ১৬ অগস্ট, বাঙালি হিন্দুর প্রতিরোধ দিবস: ইতিহাস ও আমাদের উত্তরাধিকার", "The Population Trajectories of Bangladesh and West Bengal During the Twentieth Century: A Comparative Study", https://www.timesnownews.com/india/article/indira-gandhi-rahul-gandhi-rajiv-gandhi-east-pakistan-pakistan-assam-accord-national-register-of-citizens-congress-bharatiya-janata-party-tripura/264462, Population by religious community: West Bengal, https://www.myind.net/Home/viewArticle/demographic-warning-west-bengal, "Duckback-Surendra Mohan Bose who dared to challenge British monopoly of 100 years", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hinduism_in_West_Bengal&oldid=994802111, Articles using infobox ethnic group with image parameters, Articles containing Bengali-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Gourmohan Dutta of GD Pharmaceuticals-manufacturers, This page was last edited on 17 December 2020, at 16:41. In the same period the percentage of Muslim population in the state increased from 19.85% in 1951 to 27.01% in 2011 due to having higher birth rate in comparison to majority. In the urban areas, the largest segment of the Hindu population is engaged mostly as services professionals across sectors. This place is one of those few religious shrines whose spirit of devotion is palpable. Although in area West Bengal ranks as one of the smaller states in India, it is one of the largest in population. The West Bengal Legislative Assembly is the unicameral legislature of the Indianstate of West Bengal. Historically, since the advent of Company rule in India, the upper-caste, landed Bengali Hindu gentry increasingly partnered with the East India Company to trade and supply goods such as silk, tea and jute to Europe. Other major festivals include Kojagari Lakshmi Puja, Dolyatra, Jagaddhatri Puja, Rathayatra, Saraswati Puja, Poila Baishakh, Vishwakarma Puja, Gajan, Poush Parban etc. These were especially in across the state but particularly in Nadia, South 24 Parganas, North 24 Parganas, Howrah, West Dinajpur and Jalpaiguri etc. Average literacy levels of Bengali Hindus remain higher than other communities in West Bengal. While under construction, these carved bricks were arranged to make up the entire motif. The growing saffronisation of the Bengali public sphere, evident from the violent celebrations of Ram Navami and Hanuman Jayanti in West Bengal, has raised the possibility of a murky manoeuvring of communal politics before the 2019 general elections. An ordeal for the poor, both Hindus and Muslims. Islam Islam is the second most popular religion in West Bengal. In 66 blocks and municipalities, of a total of about 450, the Muslim population is over 50%, as per a Census-based study by Pratichi Institute. Kolkata: The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) youth wing has filed a police complaint against the Trinamool Congress MP Kalyan Banerjee for hurting religious sentiments over his remarks on goddess Sita. (As part of the Satyanveshi initiative, we recently interacted with members of the Hindustani Christians' Manch, a nationalist Christian group where almost all members are Swayamsevaks. The temple is dedicated to Mata Siddheshwari. Images and contents are also sourced by the authors. [3] The Hindus in West Bengal mostly belong to the shakta and a small community belong to Vaishnavite and Shaivite denominations. by Mrittunjoy Guha Majumdar | Sep 27, 2020 | Religion, Society. In contemporary South Asia, religion and caste are the most prominent sources of identity. According to the provisional results of the 2011 national census, West Bengal is the fourth-most-populous state in India with a population of 91,347,736 (7.55% of India's population). Most of the Bengalis follow the religion of Hinduism. This continued to the 20th century when luminaries like Prafulla Chandra Ray established Bengal Chemicals and Pharmaceuticals, Rajendra Nath Mookerjee formed engineering firm Martin Burn and Surendra Mohan Bose created the Duckback brand during the Swadeshi movement, among many others.[9]. While addressing the public in a rally in West Bengal earlier, Kalyan Banerjee compared Goddess Sita's abduction episode with Hathras gangrape victim's fate saying that Sita said this to Lord … Hinduism, the most widely practiced religion in West Bengal, covers numerous religious wings, varying from monotheists to polytheists, in various degrees. The state was a significant part of the empire of … Bengalis, consisting of Bengali Hindus, Bengali Muslims, Bengali Christians and a few Bengali Buddhists, comprise the majority of the population. Yoga is one of the most popular strands of Indic tradition that has taken a modern face and form, and attracts people from across countries, cultures, civilisations to adopt it. This website uses cookies. The Contribution of Anushilon Samiti and Hindu Mahasabha in the identity and formation of West Bengal, MYSTERIOUS DEATH OF KARIMA BALOCH THE COURAGEOUS HUMAN RIGHTS ACTIVISTS, PARAM VIR CHAKRA GREATEST OF THE ULTIMATE BRAVE. But the percentage of Hindu population in the state decreased from 78.45% in 1951 to 70.54% in 2011 Census. Father Borneo said in his address: “My request to all of you is that we should not speak wrongly of any religion. A virtual festival may be difficult to imagine, as hard as it may be to resist the temptation to step out and celebrate the occasion with other people. Please send us your opinion on opinion@bengalchronicle.com, Here in this video, #ICC's #Testcricketer of the #decade Mr Steve smith was seen going through another of his #brainfade moment. In West Bengal, until now, the only religion that really counted was being Bengali and Mamata was unabashedly that, singing Rabindrasangeet in the Vatican City, bullying Bengali cultural figures into running for election, and churning out Bengali poems almost at whim. West Bengal, a treasure trove of cultural potpourri unravels a mind-blowing historical chronicle. Hinduism had existed in the region of Bengal before the 16th century BC and by the 3rd century, Buddhism and Jainism were popular too. The year ends with Charak Puja and Gajan. On Thursday, AIMIM president Asaduddin Owaisi defended his party's decision to contest the West Bengal Assembly election due in April-May 2021. There is a need for freshness, a certain inflow of novelty, to move beyond the... by Santanu Paul | Nov 4, 2020 | History, Religion, Temple, WEST BENGAL. Later, on the eve of independence, Bengal stood divided and soaked in the blood of both Hindus and Muslims, majority among them being poor. As of … Hindu and Muslim two dominating religion of West Bengal state. Refuting the claims, the state police tweeted: “The concerned person was carrying firearms in yesterday’s protest. Home / West-bengal / Calcutta / Interfaith couples talk about lived experiences Interfaith couples talk about lived experiences From using both surnames to none, parents have also kept religion column blank while admitting their kids to school Businessmen like Dwarkanath Tagore and Raja Nabakrishna Deb are now recognized as some of India's earliest business tycoons in the modern era. Thus, various styles like do-chala, jor-bangla, char-chala, and aat-chala sprang up. This shrine lies on the bank of the River Rupnarayana at Tamluk village in East... by Mrittunjoy Guha Majumdar | Nov 24, 2020 | Philosophy, Politics, Religion. Christian and Buddhism with 0.72% and 0.31%. In 1971, during Bangladesh liberation war against Pakistan, a large group of refugees numbering an estimated 7,235,916 have arrived from Bangladesh to India's West Bengal, Out of which nearly 80% of them are Bengali Hindus and after Independence of Bangladesh, nearly 15,21,912 people belonging to Bengali Hindu refugees have decided to stay back in India particularly in West Bengal. The Muslim population of West Bengal is 24.6 Million is the second largest after Hindu religion of … The town of Vishnupur in West Bengal is renowned for this type of architecture. While spirituality speaks of the Truth beyond – unchanging, imperishable and eternal, science deals with phenomena that are temporal, spatial and... by Mrittunjoy Guha Majumdar | Sep 11, 2020 | Philosophy, Religion, Society. The first challenge for the Left-Congress now is to maintain their position as principal opposition in the West Bengal Assembly. West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee on Tuesday accused the Centre of interfering in the state's jurisdiction by summoning IPS officers to serve under it. It is one of the most visited places in West Bengal after Kalighat and... by Manik Ghoshal | Oct 13, 2020 | Religion. #INDvAUS, https://www.facebook.com/UKBHAS/videos/411324556649876 Thanthania Kalibari is one of the oldest religious sites in Kolkata. This inherent Hindu identity was the chief factor in Bengali Hindu Homeland Movement which successfully resisted the plan to create a United Bengal and campaigned for the establishing a separate state of West Bengal in India on the eve of Partition of India in 1947. Durga Puja is the biggest and most important festival of the Hindus in West Bengal, as well as the most significant festival of the state in general. Kolkata (West Bengal) [India], January 11 (ANI): A complaint has been filed against Trinamool Congress (TMC) Member of Parliament Kalyan … Usually a part of the intended total motif was carved by hand on one side of a brick and then baked. Emperor Ashoka was the scion of the Mauryan dynasty who reigned from 268 to 232 BCE. The Hindu population in Western part of Bengal i.e West Bengal during first census of 1951 was around 19,462,706 and in 2011 census it had increased to 64,385,546. by Santanu Paul | Oct 20, 2020 | History, India, Religion, Temple, WEST BENGAL. Blanketed away in the commotion of West Bengal, Navadwipa - Mayapur is a cluster of nine islands located on the banks of Ganges. A large number of Hindu religious texts like biographies of Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, Mangal-kavyas, Bratakathas and Panchalis as well as dharmik writings of modern Bengali philosophers and saints have been produced in Bengali for many centuries. The language of the Hindus in West Bengal is Bengali. Bengal Chronicle is a platform for the independent writers. A large number of Hindu religious texts like biographies of Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, Mangal-kavyas, Bratakathas and Panchalis as well as dharmik writings of modern Bengali philosophers and saints have been produced in Bengali for many centuries. Kali Puja is the second major festival of the community and it corresponds to the pan-Indian festival of Diwali. It is also the name for a diverse group of musicians, spiritual adepts, mendicants, and gurus native to greater Bengal—both the Indian state of West Bengal and the neighboring Bengali country, Bangladesh. The Bengali style of temple is not luxurious. With the left and liberal public spaces having failed at addressing crucial socio-religious questions and the far right Durga Puja is followed by Kojagari Lakshmi Puja, Kali Puja, Bhai Phonta, Jagaddhatri Puja and Kartik Puja. The annual five-day Durga Puja is the biggest and most widely celebrated Hindu festival in West Bengal. @PDebsarkar @Zeit_MjGM, #DonaldTump may create his own #socialmedia platform after getting banned from almost all other social media platforms. Due to lack of suitable stone in the alluvial Gangetic delta, the temple makers had to resort to other materials instead of stone. Religion means love, religion means forgiveness, religion means mercy.” “Peace to people of goodwill. After partition of Bengal in 1947, the majority of Bengali Muslims from West Bengal have immigrated to East Pakistan, (Present-Day- Bangladesh). Some notable persons of West Bengal are-Swami Vivekananda (Saint) Subhas Chandra Bose (Freedom fighter) Rabindranath Tagore (Poet, noble prize winner) Bankim Chandra Chatterjee; Ramkrishna Paramhans Opinions expressed in the articles in this portal are solely those of the authors. The vast majority of Hindus in West Bengal are Bengali Hindus numbering around 5.4 crore and comprising 59% of the state population, but a notable section of non-Bengali Hindus also exist, particularly among Marwaris, Biharis, Odias, Gurkhas, Punjabis , Sindhis , Gujaratis and various tribal communities such as Koch Raj bongshi, Santals, Munda and particularly Adivadis numbering around 1.03 crore comprising rest 10% of the state population. JALPAIGURI: West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee on Tuesday accused the Centre of interfering in the state's jurisdiction by summoning IPS officers to … Jesus Christ has transformed the lives of millions of people over a couple of millennia. The Bengali Muslim population in West Bengal before 1947 was around 30% and during the time of independence, it went down to just 18% in West Bengal just after 1947 partition. Hinduism constitutes 70.54% … The winter solstice is celebrated a Paush Sankranti in mid January, followed by Netaji Jayanti or the birth anniversary of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose and Saraswati Puja. Designed by Elegant Themes | Powered by WordPress. Durga Puja in eastern India, particularly in West Bengal, is a social festival that cuts across religion, caste and economic lines. [4] Gaur, the first sovereign Hindu kingdom in Bengal with its capital in Karnasubarna in modern-day Murshidabad district, was set up by Shashanka, a Shaivaite king who ruled approximately between 600 AD and 625 AD. #Bhasya Session on #SwamiVivekananda #birth anniversary The population density … City Size and Population Density. However, there is also a popular style of building known as Navaratna (nine-towered) or Pancharatna (five-towered) in Bengal which is more luxurious than the Chala buildings. Makar Sankranti is known as Poush Sankranti in West Bengal West Bengal is popular for its Ganga Sagar Mela, held annually during Makar Sankarnti Special pujas are performed in the temples of Odisha during Makar Sankranti Makar Sankranti is an annual festival celebrated across India. Bengal Chronicle is not liable for any copyright infringement. Religion wise, Hinduism is the major religion in West Bengal with 70.5%, followed by Muslim with 27%. Six Aussie supporters have been removed from the venue #AUSvIND #SCG. Rather, most are modeled on simple thatched-roof earthen huts used as dwellings by commoners. Hinduism is the largest religious tradition in the Indian state of West Bengal with approximately 70.54% of the population identifying themselves as Hindus (as of 2011). The population of West Bengal makes up 7.8% of India’s total population. The Edicts of Ashoka are the primary sources describing the life and times of Emperor Ashoka [1, 2]. A typical example of Navaratna style is the Dakshineswar Kali Temple. Some see it as primarily about Asanas (postures) and Pranayama... by Mrittunjoy Guha Majumdar | Aug 10, 2020 | History, Religion. In India, after independence, large number of Bengali Hindus, both from West Bengal have also settled in the rest of India and abroad. The modern structure of Bengali Hindu society was developed during the rule of the Sena dynasty in the 12th century AD. West Bengal is religiously diverse, with region wise cultural and religious specificities. Both the names Jew (from Yahud) and Hindu (from Sindhu) are approximately 3000 years old. During the early 21st century most of the Bengali population were rural and agriculture was their main occupation taken care of by the men in the family and the women were in charge of domestic works. From the days of his ministries in Galilee and Jerusalem to the recent proclamation by Pope Francis of the division among Christians as the 'work of the father... by Santanu Paul | Dec 14, 2020 | History, India, Religion, Temple, WEST BENGAL. More than half a century later, (West) Bengal has found itself on a similar cliff from which it fell. As per census 2011, Hindu are majority in West Bengal state. Government is mixing politics, religion: Opposition West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee on Monday announced an honorarium of ₹1,000 … by Mrittunjoy Guha Majumdar | Dec 24, 2020 | Philosophy, Religion, Society. Devi (usually in her forms as Kali, Chandi, Durga, and/or Parvati and Jagadhatri, or else Lakshmi and Saraswati), Shiva, Ganesha, Vishwakarma, Krishna, Rama, Jagannath and Vishnu are the most popular and widely worshipped Hindu deities in West Bengal. Popular Hinduism in Bengal is an amalgam of pre-Aryan sects. As the ruling elite of Kolkata, they established huge palaces and made the city a magnet for wealth. Best Time: October to March. Temple architecture in West Bengal architecture has assumed a unique identity and evolved into the Bengali terra cotta temple architecture which is also a very common style of Hindu temples in Bangladesh. The divergence of science and spirituality arises from the point of transcendence from the empirical. Goodwill means … However, the opposite is true for the minority Hindu population in Bangladesh. Terra-cotta exteriors with rich carvings are a unique feature of Bengali temples. It has a peculiar configuration; its breadth varies from 200 miles at one point to hardly 10 miles at another. The spring festival of Holi is celebrated in the form of Dolyatra. When Did Emperor Ashoka Embrace Buddhism? If religion is bad, that is not religion. It is believed to be the birthplace of Baba lokenath, a glorious Hindu yogi born in 18th century Bengal. He was responding to WB CM Mamata Banerjee's charge that BJP is using AIMIM to further religious polarization in … The population is 91,347,736 and is the fourth most populous state in India. The sex ration of West Bengal peoples is 950f/1000m among 91,347,736 peoples. West Bengal has been home to several famous religious teachers, including Sri Chaitanya, Sri Ramakrishna, Rammohan Roy, Swami Vivekananda, A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada and Paramahansa Yogananda who helped to abolish archaic practices like sati, dowry, and caste-based discrimination or untouchability that crept into the Hindu society during the Middle Ages. By continuing to use this site, you accept our use of cookies. This gave rise to using terra cotta as a medium for temple construction. Chakladham is one of the most well-known sacred places in India. At 27%, West Bengal has the second highest percentage, after Assam, of the minority Muslim population in India. Subsequently, these families amassed massive wealth, increased their land holdings (Zamindars of Bengal|Zamindari) further. Dogma and ideological stagnation have percolated through the cracks and crevices of contemporary life, society and politics. #AustraliavsIndia #INDvsAUSTest, #Pujara, #pants heroics, Epic 42.4 overs stand between #Ashwin and #Vihari seals remarkable #SCG draw. The famous Birla Temple of Kolkata, built in 1996, has a unique blend of temple architecture of Odisha with Rajasthani temple arts. — West Bengal Police (@WBPolice) October 9, 2020. The Mahakal Temple in Darjeeling is a unique and important Hindu temple since 1782. The pagri [turban] had fallen off automatically in the scuffle that ensued, without any attempt to … The capital is Kolkata. However, at 1947 just after the partition of Bengal, Hindus have formed nearly 79.2% of West Bengal population. The language of the Hindus in West Bengal is Bengali. 8 Navadvipa Attractions. West Bengal, Indian state located in the eastern part of the country. They settled primarily in Kolkata and other district headquarter towns. The major religious sects in Hindus are Vaishnav, Sahajiya, Shaktas and Saivas, each with its own line of thought and social practice. Chakladham is one of the most well-known sacred places in India. The middle and upper middle class populations (who historically had levels of educational attainment) are now well entrenched in numerous professional fields like law, medicine, academics, engineering, journalism, liberal arts, corporates, banking, tax, etc. Notice how, say, the West Bengal’s ruling party, the Trinamool struggles to even attract Bengali votes in neighbouring Assam, Bihar or Jharkhand – much less win elections. more than 1.1 million are others and not stated religion. The Trinamool Congress chief, however, dispelled all criticism on Wednesday, further asserting that she would not allow the BJP to divide West Bengal along the lines of religion… It is Located in the B. On 1 January Kalpataru Day is observed as an auspicious day associated with Ramakrishna Paramhansa. [6] The Striped Royals: Tigers in India Today, An Exploration into the Nature of Reality, A Vedantic Perspective on the Resurrection of Christ and Upholding his message of spiritual emancipation, ONE OF 51 SHAKTI PEETH-BARGABHIMA KALI TEMPLE, Turiyavaad: An Ideology of Truth and Transcendence in Life, Society and Politics, Standing against Forced Conversions and Regressive Exclusivism: In Conversation with the Nationalist Hindustani Christians’ Manch, ब्रह्मनत्व: Reconciling Science and Spirituality, Samyagyayoga: Retrieving The Essence Of Yoga. These influences are evident not only among the Hindu Community but among the Muslims and Christians in a considerable degree. It is believed to be the birthplace of Baba lokenath, a glorious Hindu yogi born in 18th century Bengal. But they also played an important role in the resurgence of Hindu nationalism in Bengal. On the other hand, most of the rural and semi-rural population are now engaged in contractual agriculture, notably in Punjab and Haryana, construction in Kerala and Karnataka, logistics, manufacturing and small-scale businesses across the country. B. D. Bagh area of Kolkata (Calcutta)-the Capital of the state. Marwari, Maithili and Bhojpuri speakers are scattered throughout the state; various indigenous ethnic Buddhist communities such as the Sherpas, Bhutias, Lepchas, Tamangs, Yolmosand et… We have tried to conduct this interview impartially, to... by Mrittunjoy Guha Majumdar | Sep 16, 2020 | Philosophy, Religion, Science. The coming elections would surely be a cliff hanger. #donaldtrumpbanned, Once again #mohammedsiraj has been racially abused by the #Australian supporters. Of pre-Aryan sects this can be attributed to west bengal religion pan-Indian festival of Holi is celebrated in the of! Temple architecture of Odisha with Rajasthani temple arts with rich carvings are unique! Thatched-Roof earthen huts used as dwellings by commoners Bhimakali temple, religion, society architecture of with... After the partition of Bengal, Indian state located in the urban areas, the largest in population various! The smaller states in India, religion, society Hindu festival in West Bengal mostly belong Vaishnavite!, Navadwipa - Mayapur is a state in India located along the Bay of Bengal opposite is true for independent. The cracks and crevices of contemporary life, society and politics Bengal ranks as one of the community! The fourth most populous state in India, it is believed to be the birthplace Baba. Copyright infringement Mrittunjoy Guha Majumdar | Sep 27, 2020 | History, India, it one... 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