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punjab religion data

[17] Those Christians who were serving in official government positions and the civil service were given the choice of opting for either of the countries. preachers who go from village to village or from one religious event to the evening to collect sweets from houses where boys have been born in It is situated in the north western region of India. sants Muslims form slight majority in the Malerkotla town and use Shahmukhi for communication purpose. [22][8][5][24][7] According to Dawn, compared to the more affluent Pakistani Christian communities of Anglo-Indians and Goan Catholics, who at the time of independence lived in the major cities, were proficient in English, and maintained upper-class British cultural mannerisms, the chuhras reflected the lower socioeconomic end of Pakistan; they were predominately labourers and peasants who were unskilled, did not own land, were neither highly educated or wealthy, and lived in the villages of central Punjab. bhang The Punjabi language written in the Gurmukhi script is the official language of the state. It also shows the 34 princely states of Punjab. Of these, 450,344 were based in West Punjab and 60,955 were in East Punjab. [8] As a result of urbanisation, employment-driven migration into larger cities and greater educational opportunities, an increasing number of Punjabi Christians have been able to gain a college education and acquire socially respectable positions in recent times. the successive roles a woman plays in her life. Punjab has a predominantly Sikh population. [24], In India, the majority of Punjabi Christians belong to the Dalit community of chuhras[28] and belong to the lower-income working class. The Word 'Punjab' means 'Five Rivers'. In all Sikh form majority religion in 16 out of 20 districts of Punjab state. is celebrated by mothers and their young children in the house of the their wives work as midwives. Punjab is the land where a number of religions exist in perfect harmony with each other. [25] Most of the 50,000 or so Christians in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa speak Punjabi, and had ancestors who settled in this area, but have gradually become Pashtunized over time due to cultural assimilation. Punjabi Christians are ethnic Punjabis who are followers of Christianity. The geographical area of Punjab consists of plains which are irrigated by five rivers. The Indian state of Punjab is 60% Sikh and 37% Hindu. [22] The Christians belonging to the lower-income strata of Pakistani society face a number of social and economic issues, such as bonded labour. Punjabi. Islam, Jainism, Buddhism and Christianity are the other religions followed in the state. theological Religious Practitioners. collect them. [5] By 1870, there were only a few thousand Christians in the Punjab Province of colonial India; the 1880s saw the growth of the Presbyterian Church from 660 to 10,615 baptized Christians. It also shows the 34 princely states of Punjab. Bearing in mind this process, the paper provides an overview of urbanization and evolving religious and social realities. But the latest data shows that of the 2,77,43,338 total population, 1,60,04,754 are Sikhs. and when they can afford it, generally prefer the Western. Hindus make up the largest minority, but there also is a significant population of Muslims. The data for 2019 & 2020 is under process and will be updated in few weeks. [5] There continue to be several Christian-majority villages and settlements throughout Pakistani Punjab, such as Clarkabad and Martinpur. [12] In the Gujranwala, Sialkot and Sheikhupura districts of the Punjab Province in colonial India, Christians came to constitute 7% of the total population. [7], In Sindh, there have been Punjabi Christians settled for several decades; they include farmers, landowners, agricultural workers and other labourers engaged in blue collar work in the rural countryside, with Catholic villages existing in Hyderabad, Nawabshah, Sanghar and Mirpur Khas. According to this data, the majority of population of Punjab belong to Sikh religion. Pakistani Punjab is about 97 percent Muslim and 2 percent Christian, with small numbers of others. The rate of growth of Sikhs in the rest of India outside Punjab had remained fairly high even in 1991-2001, when their growth in Punjab had declined to only 14.29 percent. dance to architecture, bawdy folk epics to sublime theological poetry. ... and Punjab, where Hindus make up 37 percent. About 93% of Hindus live in Sindh , 5% in Punjab and nearly 2% in Balochistan . The main formalized beliefs Concerning death and the afterlife are Let’s take a look at the religious composition for Punjab as a whole (both Indian and Pakistan portions) before 1940s. bhangra, Farmers commonly offer first fruits at village shrines, [12] Continued evangelism efforts by Christian missionaries, especially those from the Church of Scotland and Church Missionary Society in India led to nearly half a million Punjabi Christians by the 1930s. There are small communities of Christians and Jains in some areas. [20], As a result of living close to Punjabis of other faiths for generations, there have been notable cross-cultural influences; the Urdu language for instance, partly due to its evolution under Muslim presence in Punjab and otherwise due to its official adoption by the British Raj later on,[21] features heavily in the theology and literature of Punjabi Christians. About 66% of the Population in Punjab lives in rural areas. There is a small Muslim population still living there, especially in Malerkotla. Among the Indian Punjabi's 60% of the population related to Sikhism and 38% related to Hinduism. future, by astrology or other means. The literacy rate in Punjab is 75%, with male literacy at 80.23% and female literacy at 68.36%. and almost any start of a venture or stroke of good fortune is an [20] One of the most prominent early Punjabi Christians in the UK was Duleep Singh, who first landed in the country in 1854. Sikhs account for more than 60% of the total population in the state. the young woman's parents or in-laws; and in March (in Punjab a [7] After the partition of British India, most Punjabi Christians remained in place, with the majority finding themselves within the borders of Pakistan and the rest in independent India. While “Sikh” is a religion, “Punjabi” is a broader term used for all the people living in the Punjab region of both India and Pakistan irrespective of their religions. [7] They primarily work in nursing, teaching, cleaning or in clerical jobs. [16], In June 1947, the total population of Punjabi Christians in the Punjab Province of colonial India was recorded at 511,299. Prior to the presence of Islam and later birth of Sikhism, Hinduism was the basic religion followed by the Punjabi people. named for Out of which 1071637 are males while 957437 are females. Punjab has generated distinctive forms of virtually all the arts, from In the Sikh tradition, closely allied in In the other states, Hindu majorities ranged from 56 percent in Kerala to 95 percent in Himachal Pradesh. is celebrated as the rains begin by young girls and their brothers in Religion News Service Religion News Service (RNS) Sikhism is the world’s fifth-largest religion, a monotheistic faith founded in the Punjab region of India about 500 years ago. jyotshi nai Literature, the most famous and prominent forms are romantic epic poems. [31] Likewise in Haryana, some of the Christians settled there are Punjabis and are also commonly referred to as the Isai. Hinduism is followed by 38.5%. Each religion has its own taxonomy of practitioners, and in addition [7] The districts forming the erstwhile tribal areas along the Afghan frontier have been home to thousands of Christians since the early 20th century; according to the 1998 census, there were 1,500 Christians in South Waziristan, 2,000 in North Waziristan, 500 in Bajaur, 700 in Mohmand and 1,500 in Khyber District, all of whose ancestors migrated from Punjab. Complete Data of towns … We see a declining Hindu population in Punjab as we move from the 1880s to 1940s. Hindus are found in all provinces of Pakistan but are mostly concentrated in Sindh . Today, however, the majority religion of Punjab is Sikhism, which originated from the teachings of Nanak, the first Sikh Guru. Punjabi Christians are ethnic Punjabis who are followers of Christianity.They are one of the four main ethnoreligious communities of the historical Punjab region, the others being the Punjabi Muslims, Punjabi Sikhs and Punjabi Hindus. There are also Buddhists, Jains, and others. In Tomb of Jahangir and Badshahi Mosque in Lahore are the most significant attractions in Pakistan. Religion is viewed as a source of strength and inspiration to [20], Some who have sought to resettle in the West have used Thailand, Sri Lanka and Malaysia as their first destinations, where they file an application with the UNHCR. As of the 1981 census, the population of Indian Punjab reported itself In architecture, the most distinctive major form is that Death and Afterlife. The above map shows the distribution of population on the basis of religion in a great detail. activities such as maintaining or rebuilding a local shrine or for [8][9] They are equally divided between Catholics and Protestants. [17] The earliest Christian scriptures which were published by British missionaries in the Punjab included those written in Roman Urdu. karue Note that Muslims were in majority in just two states, ie. The cities of Faisalabad, Sialkot and Sheikhupura are home to sizable communities. customary, associated with the Individual life cycle, village life, and Pakistan Bureau of Statistics Statistics House, 21-Mauve Area, G-9/1, Islamabad, Pakistan E-mail: pbs@pbs.gov.pkpbs@pbs.gov.pk POPULATION DENSITY AND GROWTH OF PUNJAB: The population density of Punjab is 551 persons per square kilometer. [7] Despite having embraced Christianity, they still faced discrimination at some level due to their caste, skin color, and economic status. [19], According to Selva J. Raj, the Punjabi Christian identity is an amalgamation of the Christian faith along with an ethnic affinity for the culture of Punjab, which includes the Punjabi language, Punjabi cuisine, the various customs and traditions of Punjab, and the way of life of the Punjabi people in general. of the Sikh Gurdwaras, which blend Mogul and Rajput elements. Muslim and 2 percent Christian, with small numbers of others. Sikhism is the principal religion in Punjab, which is about 58% of the population. Most of the specific ceremonies associated structures of a village are outlined in little oil lamps ( Religion Data of Ludhiana district of Punjab state for Census 2011. Hindus forms the second largest community with 34% population. naming, and death. ", "Caste away: The ongoing struggle of Punjabi Christians", "When Christians were partitioned in the Punjab-IV", "The Plight of Minorities in 'Azad Kashmir, "Multi-tongued: Peshawar's happy Hindus and Sikhs", "India: Christians in shock after pastor shot dead in 'safe' Punjab", "Punjabi Christian community finally gets own church in Surrey", "Dubai's Pakistani Christians pray for Peshawar attack victims", "629 Pakistani Girls Trafficked to China as Brides", "Pakistani Christian girls trafficked to China as brides", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Punjabi_Christians&oldid=988747742, "Related ethnic groups" needing confirmation, Articles using infobox ethnic group with image parameters, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 15 November 2020, at 00:53. [35][36] The primary motives for emigration include economic reasons, higher education, the desire to join relatives already settled abroad, theological training, or to escape religious discrimination/persecution. And there are storytellers, poets, singers, and the house of their parents; in the fall harvest season Rallia Ram of Lahore. sentiment and style to the sufi, the most notable groups of poems are by As of the 1981 census, the population of Indian Punjab reported itself as being 37 percent Hindu, 61 percent Sikh, 1 percent Muslim, and a little more than 1 percent Christian, with smaller portions of Buddhists, Jains, and others. Muslim Population in Punjab is 5.35 Lakhs (1.93 percent) of total 2.77 Crore. Sikhism and Hinduism are the two major religions of Punjab. The population of Sikhs in Punjab has fallen from 62.95 per cent to 59.9 per cent — perhaps the first time in four decades that it has fallen below the 60 per cent mark. Muslims form slight majority in the Malerkotla town and use Shahmukhi for communication purpose. [15] S. K. Datta of Lahore, who served as the principal of Forman Christian College in then colonial India, became the president of the All India Conference of Indian Christians, representing the Indian Christian community at the Second Round Table Conference, where he agreed with Mahatma Gandhi's views on minorities and Depressed Classes. Most of the world’s 25 million Sikhs live in India, but more than 500,000 make the U.S. their home. [7], A group of Punjabi Christian villagers (2006), All India Conference of Indian Christians, Malankara Jacobite Syrian Orthodox Church, "Christians seek political voice in India's Punjab state", "Were Pakistan's Deadly Gojra Riots Enough to Provoke Change? This decline clearly predates the partition and even the idea of Pakistan. another throughout the region. villages. “Punjabi” and “Sikh” are two different terms which often confuse people. sufi Punjabi is the preferred language of the Sikh people and it is also the language of their religion. Religious Beliefs. The percentage of Sikh population in Punjab is 57.69% of the total population of the state. Medicine. The Religious data of 2017 Census has not been released. See also Punjab (Pakistan) Punjab: A region that is split across the political borders of India and Pakistan. [7] In Azad Kashmir, there are close to 5,000 Punjabi Christians who live in the Bhimber, Mirpur, Muzaffarabad, Kotli, Poonch and Bagh districts. Population, Religion, Caste, Literacy, Sex ratio data of Firozpur District as per Census 2011 [12], The All India Conference of Indian Christians held its first meeting on 28 December 1914 and was led by Raja Sir Harnam Singh of Kapurthala, who was the president of the National Missionary Society (NMS); the first AICIC General Secretary was B.L. [7] In the UK, Christian Punjabis are concentrated in the cities of London, Bedford, Birmingham, Coventry, Oxford and Wolverhampton among others. [4] They are largely descendants of Hindu converts to Christianity who accepted their new faith during the British Raj in colonial India. The literacy rate of the state is 75%, with male literacy is 80.23% and female literacy level is 68.36%. Funeral practices vary according to religion. [22] In rural Punjab, many Christians belong to the Dalit Christian community, specifically the chuhra community,[23] whose ancestors had converted to Christianity from Hinduism during the colonial era to escape a discriminatory caste system in which they were regarded untouchables. [7] There are significant Punjabi Christian communities in Canada (particularly Toronto),[7][33] the United States (particularly Philadelphia),[7] the Middle East,[34] the United Kingdom,[17] as well as other parts of Europe and Australia. and dance. The best-known folk dance is lively and complex those of the three major Religious traditions, but the Punjabi versions Punjabis support all the forms of medical practice available in India, It show Muslim/Christian majority tehsils and Hindu/Sikh majority tehsils. In 1858, the Punjab, along with the rest of British India, came under the direct rule of the British crown. the round of the seasons. their hair and beards uncut, nais in principle have little work in Sikh [11][29] There have historically been Punjabi Christian communities in Jammu,[23] Delhi,[23][30] and in Chandigarh, where the Christians are also known as Isai and belong to various sects. As of the 2011 data records, the sex proportion of the state was 895 females for 1000 males. The main ones are Its culture is supposed to be one of the oldest and richest cultures in the world. with marriages come under this heading, as do ceremonies of birth, [27][7] The metropolis of Karachi is home to the largest population, with over 20,000 Punjabi Christians living in the neighbourhood of Essa Nagri alone. [7] In Balochistan, the majority of the province's 80,000 to 100,000 Christians are Punjabis. . District-wise Population by Religion in Punjab | Open Government Data Portal Punjab Older than these are thirteenth-century People following Islam religion makes up 2% of population in Punjab. village gate, pray to God for the health of the boys and more in the Their roots lie mostly in Rawalpindi and Sialkot. Religious demography of Punjab : 1881 to 1941 [21], Syro-Malabar Catholic, Syro-Malankara Catholic, Latin Catholic, Malankara Jacobite Syrian Orthodox Church, Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church, Protestant denominations

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